Just like the foundations of a marriage is essential to the sustenance of a home so is the foundation of a building pivotal to the sustenance of a home as related to the building. This article explains why the foundation is the most important part of a home.
Without the right foundation, a house cannot last. Landlords often focus on the surface of things when building a home and may not be aware of the importance of the home’s foundation. The structural integrity of a home requires a foundation built to last. The foundation carries the weight of the entire house on its shoulders, offers a level base for wall construction and separates the wood framing of the house from termites on the ground. Without a strong foundation, the walls of the home will be insecure. The foundation must be built to carry the weight and load of all the other building elements used in the home.
Different foundations can be built to accommodate most any kind of house site. For instance, a house on the beach or mountainside requires a raised foundation built on concrete or steel pilings. Other raised foundations include foundation walls built of concrete, bricks, stone or concrete blocks with a crawlspace that includes added piers underneath the house for support. Another foundation type uses basement walls to support the house. One of the most common foundations involves a concrete slab foundation. Any house that includes concrete in the foundation requires a slump test of the concrete during the beginning of the foundation’s construction.
Foundation and Soil Structure
Before you choose the home’s foundation, consider the structure of the soil where the house is being built. A house built on shifting soil won’t stand long. If the soil is too wet, it might require special engineering to design a foundation that will work. Soil compaction tests on the house site can help determine the type of foundation the land requires for building a strong home.
Bottom Part of the Foundation
Footings or footers sit below the bottom of the foundation. Footings typically sit 12 inches below the frost line, which is the average depth at which the ground freezes in the winter. Constructed wider than foundation walls, footings provide added support at key locations of the foundation. Footings serve to distribute the weight of the house evenly across the entire foundation and help to prevent movement and settling after the house is built.